6-14 inches. Brown or gray above, with two rows of black dots or two or four thin dark lines from head to tail; underside usually red or orange, rarely yellow or dull white; pale spots present on either side of the neck and under each eye; small young have a pale collar; scales keeled and in 15 rows.
Red-bellied snakes tend to stay concealed under leaf litter and surface objects in wooded or forested areas. They give birth to 6-15 young.
Forested portions of Louisiana north of the coastal marshes and swamplands.